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Condensed Matter / Biophysics Seminars: Yakov Gindikin (University of Minnesota)

Date April 10, 2023 @ 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm

Pair spin-orbit interaction in low-dimensional electron systems

The work is devoted to the effects of the pair spin-orbit interaction (PSOI) in Rashba materials. The PSOI is the electron-electron interaction component that depends on the spin and momentum of the electrons. Being produced by the Coulomb fields of interacting electrons, it exists already in vacuum, but becomes orders of magnitude larger in materials with the giant Rashba effect. The main nontrivial feature of the PSOI is that it is attractive for electrons in certain spin configurations tied to their momentum and competes with the Coulomb repulsion of the electrons. Under certain conditions attainable in modern low-dimensional structures the PSOI prevails. The resulting attraction between the electrons leads to the formation of the bound electron pairs, the binding energy of which can be controlled by electrical means. In many-electron systems the PSOI results in the instabilities of the uniform ground state with respect to the density fluctuations, which develop on different spatial scales, depending on the geometry of the electric fields that produce the PSOI. If the PSOI is not too strong the electronic system is stable, but its collective excitations reveal the highly unusual spin-charge structure and spectrum, which manifest themselves in the frequency dependence of the dynamic conductivity.




April 10, 2023
4:00 pm - 5:00 pm
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2205 NPB